HISTORY
Specialist:

Mgr. Kristýna Jandová, tel.: +420 519 309 028, +420 720 078 864, jandova@rmm.cz

Mgr. Miroslav Koudela, tel.: +420 519 309 022, +420 777 061 296, koudela@rmm.cz

History Depositary Administrator:

Filip Brichta, tel.: +420 608 888 679, brichta@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The department deals with acquisition and documentation activities in the fields of history and ethnography, historical research in the region and its further presentation in the form of exhibitions and lectures. The specialist provides information to researchers who also have the opportunity to study collections. The department also takes care of the Chateau Library, which can also be visited by scholars for study purposes. Prior telephone or written agreement is necessary.

Characteristics of the collection:

The professional interest in studying regional history is related to the establishment of the Museum Association in 1913. At that time, the core of today's historical collections was created from the gifts of its members and their research activities. Among the most interesting objects, acquired during this period, are for example oriental items - journey souvenirs. The fragments of the chateau equippment, acquired from the burnt down Mikulov Chateau, also became a part of the collections.
After 1945, the collections were expanded by other donations and, above all, by the research and acquisition activities of the museum employees. Between 1960s and 1980s, the museum acquired several assets and specialized ethnographic collections such as a bakery, a shoemaker's, and a greengrocer's. Items from the Mušov area, which is now flooded by the Nové Mlýny Reservoir, constitute a collection of agricultural tools and everyday necessities. They mainly originate from the first half of the 20th century.

At present, the museum's historical and ethnographic collections contain 14,000 inventory items, which are continuously replenished by additional purchases and donations. Historical collections consist of a collection of paintings (paintings, graphics, historical photographs, postcards, maps, plans), a collection of written materials, a collection of historical furniture, a collection of artefacts (glass, porcelain, ceramics), a collection of clocks, weapons, religious sculptures, oriental art, a collection of mathematical and physical devices, a collection of stone sculptures and a stone collection. Ethnographic collections consist of folk pottery and art, textiles, and agricultural tools.

The collection also includes an ethnographic collection of textiles, ceramics and furniture from the Podluží region, obtained from a cancelled museum in Břeclav. In the 1970s and 1980s, the collection was enriched with items from Croatian villages around Mikulov.

ARCHEOLOGY
Specialist:

Mgr. František Trampota Ph.D., tel.: +420 777 061 293, trampota@rmm.cz

Mgr. Petr Kubín, kubin@rmm.cz

Charakteristika pracoviště:

Characteristics of the department: The department primarily focuses on rescue archaeological activities in Mikulov and its surrounding. A part of the department's professional activities is to study the settlements in the Mikulov area in Roman times and the Middle Ages. Special attention is paid to the development of the town in the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance. The department has also established a successful colaboration with the Archaeological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic to present the monuments from the Palaeolith and from the Roman period.

Characteristics of the collection:

Extensive older collections, including materials from between the Wars, were first organized by dr. Karel Jüttner. The nature of the collection funds, which ranges from the Palaeolithic to the Modern Age, was determined. In the 1960s and 1980s, a basic overview of the collections was assembled, based primarily on systematic researches of the extinct medieval villages, noble settlements and churches, made by prof. PhDr. J. Unger, CSc.
In the 1980s and early 1990s, extensive collections were obtained from the surveys of the Earlier and Middle Bronze Age settlements, led by PhDr. J. Pešek. He also explored the rich royal tomb of the Roman era, which was found in Mušov, and which is the most important part of the archaeological collection.
In the first half of the 1990s, collections were being completed by PhDr. E. Klanicová. Thanks to a number of minor rescue efforts, the collections were also enriched by Mgr. Ondrej Šedo Ph.D. Altogether, more than 22,000 inventory numbers have been processed until today. Besides these, there are also individual archeological collections in museums in Klobouky u Brna and in Břeclav. The archaeological collections are also being replenished from smaller collections provided by the Institute of Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the Institute of Archaeological Monument Care Brno.

VITICULTURE
Specialist:

Mgr. Josef Šuba, tel: +420 519 309 034, suba@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The specialist monitors and documents the situation in current viticulture, winemaking and on the wine market. He looks for information about winemakers, winegrowers and companies and tries to map their activities. He monitors and documents the situation in the field of ​​grapevine breeding and in the development of pesticides. He also observes the activities of the Winemakers' Union of the Czech Republic as well as activities of smaller Moravian winemakers.

He keeps a database of South Moravian press shops, cellars and presses. Now the database has information on about 300 press shops and cellars and more than 200 presses. Some information on press shops and cellars was gathered in the middle of the 20th century by J. Petrák, a teacher from Kobylí. The museum specialist performs further comparative research directly in the field, and tries to find new objects or update the information on the older ones. In doing so, he acquires information and contacts, which he then uses to search for other items of traditional and modern viticulture and winemaking. Through collecting, getting donations or purchasing, he enriches the museum's collection of three-dimensional objects and prints, especially labels.

The collecting activities are accompanied by photographic documentation. The specialist has already photographed all three-dimensional collections items and he occasionally photodocuments the collection of labels. He also takes pictures of various objects in the field (more than 600 exteriors and interiors of wine cellars and press shops from more than 20 villages and about 100 presses of all types), as well as various wine related activities and events.

Characteristics of the collection:

The collection contains about 7,630 items, of which about 1,270 are three-dimensional, 6,360 prints (of which 5,400 labels) and 150 photos. The foundation of the collection was built after 1960 through collecting activities in South Moravia and Western Slovakia.

The collection consists of various construction elements of historic wine cellars, wine presses and other traditional tools for winemaking, such as wooden, metal, ceramic and glass winery vessels, medals from wine exhibitions, vineyard tools and equipment for pest control. The objects come mainly from South Moravia, but there are also items from Western Slovakia and Bohemia. Furthermore, the collection consists of wine labels (mainly from the Moravian and Czech regions, but also from abroad), photographs of historical wine cellars, mills and presses and various prints concerning winemaking, viticulture, and wine trade.

Worth mentioning, for example, is the second largest barrel in Central Europe from 1643, a complete equipment of a wine cellar from the 19th century, vintage presses of all types, pruning knives, beautifully carved wine barrels, anabaptist ceramics, and a large collection of wine labels.

For exhibition purposes, it is possible to borrow some of the collection items.

DOCUMENTATION OF MORAVIAN JEWS
Specialist:

Mgr. Josef Šuba, tel: +420 519 309 034, suba@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The department, established in 1998 and funded by Phare deals with documenting and exploration of Moravian Jews. The acquisition activities focus on collecting written and graphic materials and three-dimensional collection items to document the history of Jews in Moravia. The processed materials are made available to scholars, the collection items are presented in the exhibition in the Upper Synagogue in Husova Street. Part of the activities of the department is providing lectures for schools or any interested audience. Upon request, you can take part in a guided tour through the former Jewish quarter, including the synagogue and the Jewish cemetery.

Characteristics of the collection:

The Documentation Centre holds the following funds:

All of the above sources are recorded in a computer database.

ZOOLOGY
Specialist:

RNDr. Petr Macháček, CSc., tel.: +420 519 309 024, machacek@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The zoologist is mainly interested in birds. He continuously monitors the occurrence of water birds in Nature Preserve of Lednice Ponds and the Nové Mlýny Reservoir. He works closely with Nature preservation authorities in this area. He monitors birds of the Lednice Ponds area, the second lake of the Nové Mlýny Reservoir, the Pálava Hills and the confluence area of the river Dyje and Morava. He also takes part in some nation-wide events (International waterfowl summation, summation of nesting white storks in the Czech Republic, mapping of nesting birds). In addition, he keeps photographic documentation, cooperates with the authorities, and gives lectures and leads excursions.

Characteristics of the collection:

The foundation comes from the chateau collections - dermoplastic preparations of birds (41 pcs) and mammals (2 pcs), mouflon horns and deer antlers (18 pcs.), several skeletons and skulls of mammals. The collection of dermoplastic preparations is constantly replenished. It currently contains 352 birds and 43 mammals. In 1976, a collection of bird eggs was established, which now has 400 pieces. In 1975, a collection of Czechoslovak molluscs was purchased, containing 2,680 pieces of 187 species.

Additionally, a collection of slides (negative and positive) of animals (especially birds), plants and biotopes is constatly replenished. Now it has 19,700 color slides and 16,040 black-and-white negatives.

BOTANY
Specialist:

Mgr. Adam Knotek, tel.: +420 519 309 029, knotek@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The most important task of the botanist is to collect plants and thus document various species of the Břeclav district flora. This activity is connected with floristic research, monitoring of vegetation changes, active search of new valuable areas and providing documentation to ensure legal protection of such areas, taking pictures of plants and biotopes, giving lectures, guiding tours, publishing, design exhibitions, providing study materials for schools and public, and keeping records of museum and university rentals. Extra attention is paid to a former border area between Nový Přerov and Valtice, which has not been thoroughly explored yet, and to areas of Hustopeče Uplands (Kurdějov, Boleradice, Bořetice, Diváky, Krumvíř, Němčičky).

Characteristics of the collection:

The herbarium contains 55,000 items, mainly from the Břeclav district and South Moravia. The collections from Bohemia and Slovakia, about 10,000 items, constitute a comparative collection, important for self-determination. Taxonomically, the herbarium is divided according to genus and species. The herbarium is accessible to researchers, especially for phytotaxonomy, phytogeography, university students and Nature Preservation institutes. Since 1993, information on herbarium items have been stored in a computer database. The Mikulov herbarium is recorded under the abbreviation "MMI" in the inventory of botanical collections (Index Herbariorum).

The beginning of botanical collections dates back to 1913, when the museum was established. It originates from two collections from the Mikulov Grammar School. There is a large collection of Moravian plants (1170 pcs) by H. Lause, who, mainly between 1927-1932, collected many plants in South Moravia, the Olomouc region and the Jeseniky mountains. The second collection, an old herbarium from the local grammar school, is a fragment of a comparative herbarium, probably created by the Botanischer Tauschverein in Vienna after 1910. It contains 178 items from South Moravia and Austria from the 2nd half of the 19th century. This collection was created by 51 collectors, who were very important for the history of botanical research in Bohemia and Moravia (Niessel, Oborny, Czižek, Rauscher, Makowsky, and others). The collections have been systematically organized since 1980, when a job position was created for this purpose. Most herbarium items were gathered by RNDr. Vít Grulich, CSc., from the Department of Botany and Geobotany at the Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, in Brno.

Offered guided tours:

ENTOMOLOGY
Depository Administrator:

RNDr. Petr Macháček, CSc., tel.: +420 519 309 024, machacek@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The administrator maintains entomological collections, he especially disinfects individual beetle and butterfly boxes. Every year, he provides an inventory checkup of a part of the collection. He also marks particular beetles and butterflies with relevant registration information.

Characteristics of the collection:

At 31 December 2010, the collection contained about 142 600 insects, approximately 112 700 beetles, 29 425 butterflies and 500 other species. The entomologist collected about 90,800 beetles, purchased 51,673 insects (of which 21,887 beetles, 29,286 butterflies, 500 others), and received 139 butterflies as a gift.
The collection was based on a small purchase of various insect groups in 1953. Since then, the collection has grown thanks to further purchases from private collectors and to activities of the museum entomologist. The vast majority of the material comes from Moravia (butterflies) and from Břeclav and Hodonín districts (beetles), but the collection also includes findings from Bohemia and Slovakia, the Palearctic or elsewhere in the world. The beetles have been examined for a long time, especially in sites that are typical for South Moravia, such as prairies, forest steppes, floodplain forests, saltwater wetlands, marshes and vineyards. Taxonomically, the collection of butterflies is divided into individual species (about 3000 species), a collection of beetles is divided into families (87 families). Some beetle families are determined to species (e.g. Carabidae, Buprestidae, Cerambycidae, Chrysomelidae, Elateridae, Scarabaeidae, Lucanidae, Anthicidae, Bostrychidae).
The collection proves the occurrence of some rare species - in butterflies, the most valuable collection is the Parnassidae set, in beetles, for example Sphodrus leucophthalmus, Calosoma auropunctatum, Carabus clathratus clathratus (Carabidae), Anthaxia olympica, Anthaxia deaurata deaurata, Anthaxia hackeri, Eurythyrea quercus, Aurigena lugubris, Ptosima flavoguttata flavoguttata, Scintillatrix mirifica, Coraebus rubi, Nalanda fulgidicollis, Aphanisticus emarginatus, Cylindromorphus bifrons, Agrilus viridicoerulans ssp. rubi (Buprestidae), Necydalis maior, Aegosoma scabricorne, Morinus funereus, Ergates faber, Akimerus schaefferi, Brachyta interrogationis, Leioderus collari, Purpuricenus kaehleri, Saperda punctata, Semanotur rusticus, Stenhomalus bicolor, Trichoferus pallidus, Calamobius filum (Cerambycidae), Claviger longicollis (Clavigeridae), Cucujus cinnaberinus (Cucijidae), Copris lunaris (Scarabaeidae) and others.

GEOLOGY
Specialist:

currectly none

Contact:

RNDr. Petr Macháček, CSc., tel.: +420 519 309 024, machacek@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the collection:

The collection was built by Dr. Jüttner. It contains 250 samples of rocks. Except Dr. Jüttner, there never was a geologist working in the museum.

PALEONTOLOGY
Specialist:

currectly none

Contact:

RNDr. Petr Macháček, CSc., tel.: +420 519 309 024, machacek@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the collection:

The collection was built by Dr. Jüttner. It consists of 1.300 pieces of fragments, fossils, and animal typolites. The scallops and shells of the Secondary and Tertiary molluscs represent the largest part, the bones and teeth of the Quaternary mammals also make a part of the collection. Except Dr. Jüttner, there never was a paleontologist working in the museum. In 1980, the bones of mammals were revised by Dr. L. Seitl.

SPECIALIZED LIBRARY
Specialist:

Zdeňka Vašková, tel.: +420 519 309 019, vaskova@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The museum library was established in 1913 together with the Museum Association in Mikulov. The library was kept as a part of museum collection and it was mainly based on German publication on science and history.
At present, the library has over 20,000 items. More books are added according to the needs of the museum departments. The fund mainly consists of books that has been published since the 19th century up to now. The library is indexed according to names and titles. The index is stored in the CLAVIUS program. The library is used by museum workers, by researchers from other institutions, and by the public. They can study the books on site, or they can borrow them to study at home.

Among other things, the library contains:

RegioM.
The anthology of the Regional Museum in Mikulov (periodically)

Online library

PHOTO ARCHIVE
Specialist:

Zdeňka Vašková, tel.: +420 519 309 019, vaskova@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The photo archive of the Regional Museum contains negatives and thumbnail photographs of Mikulov and Břeclav area, taken mostly after 1969. Photos, taken before 1945, are stored in the department of history.
Topically, the photo archive usually holds pictures that document the development of the region, such as elections, construction activities in municipalities, cultural events, archeological researches, folklore activities, exhibitions, and viticulture. At present, the additions to the photo archive are mainly related to Mikulov's museum and the documentation of the town life. The archive contains over 50,000 negatives.

PRESERVATION WORKSHOPS
Specialist:

Kateřina Pokorná, tel.: +420 519 510 226, pokorna@rmm.cz

Mgr. Jiří Sekereš, tel.: +420 605 583 371, sekeres@rmm.cz

Svatoslav Florián, rmm@rmm.cz

Characteristics of the department:

The preservation team preserves and restores the collection items, if the department posseses the necessary equippment and material, that they need to do so. Usually, they clean, desinfect and repair the surface of the items. They also prepare the items for exhibitions (retouching and amending of missing parts). They also take part in refurbishing exhibitions and they help create them.

Used techniques:

Consultations and advice to the public are also part of the department's activities.

© Regionální muzeum v Mikulově 2016